The post-festum page of the twenty-fifth workshop
“What Comes Beyond the Standard Models?"







Organizing Committee:
Norma Susana Mankoč Borštnik, Holger Bech Nielsen, Maxim Yu. Khlopov

Scientific Committee:
John Ellis (CERN and King's College London),
Roman Jackiw (MIT),
Masao Ninomiya (二宮 正夫) (Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University and Mathematical Institute)

Dear colleague

This letter is the post-festum page of the twenty-fifth workshop entitled

"What Comes Beyond the Standard Models?"



which took place from 04.07.2022–10.07.2022.


Follow-up page

You can visit the follow-up page featuring presentations and proceedings (the full version and the arXiv version). The site is frequently updated with new material.


At the Workshop

You can read the program here (updated on 4. July, 2022). Abstracts of the featured presentations can be found here (updated on 2. July, 2022).

The information of the Workshop is also available on VIA site. You can also scan the QR code below to access the VIA site immediately.


All-days program

Thursday, 7. July

Friday, 8. July

Saturday, 9. July

Sunday, 10. July

Monday & Tuesday, 11.-12. July

Tuesday, 12. July (corrected version)


General information

The Bled workshops have the tradition for long discussions among and after each talk, which can be extended for several continuations if needed.

The ''virtual'' part will be hosted by Cosmovia, courtesy of Prof. Maxim Yu. Khlopov.

Please let us know if you are interested and can participate during that period. We will then send you further information.

For the ''virtual'' part of the workshop we will need besides the title also the abstracts of your talks and you will have to send your talk (as a pdf or PowerPoint file) to Maxim and Norma probably at least a day in advance.

To make a schedule we will therefore need a title of your talk (and preferably also an abstract). We will try to make a preliminary schedule a few days before the workshop starts and update and modify it daily as necessary for talk continuations and discussions.

We will also put your presentations on this homepage. As every year, we plan to publish printed Proceedings with the write-ups of your talks in December 2022. You will receive detailed instructions on this at the end of the virtual workshop and also later. We also expect informational support from MDPI journals Symmetry, Universe, Particles ad Physics and selected invited contributions will be published for free, if accepted, in the corresponding special issues.

This page contains links to maps of Bled etc. and will be updated with later call (in the beginning ofJune).

The following links might be of interest:

  • the links to workshop pages for previous years can be found at
  • home page of the previous 2021 workshop can be found at containing workshop announcements and presentations of most talks, as well as the pdf of the printed workshop Proceedings for 2021. For previous years workshops can be found on analogous URLs by just substituting 2021 with the desired year in the above address for the workshop home page.
  • home page of Cosmovia,, which hosts video conferences at our (and many other) conferences for the last several years, courtesy of Prof. Maxim Yu. Khlopov (on the Cosmovia home page go to the link for Previous - Conferences).



Our workshop is organized for the purpose of answering the open questions in the elementary particle physics and cosmology, like (every participant can suggest a new topic):

o What is the most promising first step beyond the standard model, explaining the assumptions of the standard model like:

* the origin of massless family members with their related spins and charges,
* the origin of families of fermions,
* the origin of massless vector gauge fields,
* the origin of the Higgs' scalar and Yukawa couplings for massive quarks and leptons,
* the origin of differences in masses of family members.

o And going beyond, while explaining:

* the origin of dark matter and its properties (when comparing cosmological observation, direct detections and all the proposed models),
* the masses and charges of the dark matter,
* the origin of the dark energy,
* the origin of ordinary matter-antimatter asymmetry.

o How to interpret the so far made searches for new physics?

* How many families shall we be able to observe at the LHC and at which energies?
* How many scalar fields shall the LHC observe?
* What are masses of new families?
* What are properties of new scalar fields?

o Origin of the lepton number nonconservation:

* What can different models and experiments say about the lepton number nonconservation?

o What is the origin of the two energy scales:

* the colour phase transition scale and
* the electroweak phase transition scale?

o What can strings and membranes contribute to our understanding of elementary particle physics and cosmology?

* What do string theories really mean?
* What kind of understanding the low energy fermions and the vector and scalar gauge fields do they offer?

o What does the complex action bring into the understanding of the properties of our universe?
o Why has Nature made a choice of four (noticeable) dimensions while all the others (if existing) are hidden?

* How does the compactification occur?
* What are properties of space-time in the hidden dimensions?

o How can one understand the discrete symmetries in Kaluza-Klein like theories?
o How can all gauge fields (including gravity) be unified and quantized?
o What is the origin of the field which caused inflation?
o What can new measurements of gravitational waves contribute to understanding the cosmology (and elementary fields)?
o Can cosmological measurements observe gravitino contribution to the dark matter?
o Quantum mechanics and singularity of black holes?
o Could the fermions have the integer spin and yet be second quantized fields, obeying the Pauli principle?
o What can we learn from the model in which all fermions have come by the fermionization from original bosons?
o What are the internal degrees of freedom of the second quantized fermions and fields?

*  What are the internal degrees of freedom of the second quantized boson fields?

o Many other open problems.


About our workshops

The aim of the workshop is to bring together physicists, who are trying to find the answers to some of these and other open questions from the field of the elementary particles and cosmology and who would enjoy to actively discuss these questions in a small group.
In the last twenty-four years we have organized workshops entitled “What Comes Beyond the Standard Models?" They took place annually in July since 1998, except 2018, which was in June. Each year we spent about ten days, trying to answer these questions in a very pleasant and relaxing atmosphere. We have published twenty-four volumes of Proceedings to these workshops (one in 1999, and then one volume every year since 2001). In the year 2003 we have also organized, in addition and with the help of EURESCO, the conference titled "Euroconference on symmetries beyond the Standard models" from 12. -- 17. of July 2003 in Portorož,Slovenia. Proceedings volume published in 2003 contains write-ups of the talks at this conference.

About the location

Bled is a nice town by the lake of the same name, surrounded by mountains, with many comfortable hotels. Home page of Bled, containing information for in several languages.

The Physical Society together with the Mathematical Society owns a house, whose owner was our well known mathematician Josip Plemelj. This house can accept at most 18 people in 9 rooms. The street location of the house is Presernova cesta 39, Bled. It also has a lecture room for around 20 people. We also can make the hotel reservation, or you can do that by yourself (Bled homepage contains links to hotels). If you want us to do that then, please, let us know very soon.



Our evening relaxation over dinner will take place at the beautiful scenery of the Labod Restaurant. To keep the spirits up all day and every day, Ms. Ana Antloga will offer us coffee and quick lunch.




The workshop is organized by the DMFA (Society of Mathematicians, Physicists and Astronomers of Slovenia). The workshop is sponsored by DMFA and Department of Physics, FMF, University of Ljubljana with the computer equipment and supported by Beyond Semiconductor, and the last several years by MDPI. Also Niels Bohr institute is supporting the workshops, and all those who are paying the living expenses by themselves, if the institutions do not pay their travel and living expenses as well.